Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences

Volume 27 (1), 46-51, 2024

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Implication of Low Plasma Arginine among Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU)

Nasir Hamad, Lienda Eltayeb and Habab Yassin

Background and Objective: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a well-recognized vascular complication of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Unless immediate measures are taken some patients end up with amputation. The hallmarks of DFU are hyperglycemia, neuropathy, ischemia and infection (Andrew). Recent studies confirmed the role of low serum arginine in the development of foot ulcer in diabetic patients. The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between low serum magnesium and diabetic foot ulcer and to identify the incidence of low plasma arginine levels in diabetic patients with DFU in Sudan. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 subjects were recruited in this study and were divided into three groups, namely, diabetic with foot ulcer (group-I), diabetic without foot ulcer (group-II) and non-diabetic healthy subjects (group-III). These subjects were investigated for FBS, HbA1c and serum arginine. Data were analysed using SPSS (28th release). Results: Analysis of the results obtained showed significantly marked reduced plasma arginine levels in group I than the other two groups where mean plasma arginine level was 12.08, 49.25 and 94.1 micromole/L, respectively. There was no statistical difference between the duration of diabetes and DFU in diabetic patients with DFU and diabetic patients without DFU, as well as levels of HbA1c (p-value 0.457, 0.89) respectively. Conclusion: The low serum arginine levels were significantly associated with foot ulcers in diabetic patients and play an important role in the development of diabetic foot ulcers.

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How to cite this article:

Nasir Hamad, Lienda Eltayeb and Habab Yassin, 2024. Implication of Low Plasma Arginine among Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 27: 46-51.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2024.46.51

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