Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences (PJBS) is an international, peer-reviewed and well indexed scientific journal seeks to promote and disseminate the knowledge of biological sciences by publishing outstanding research in the field. Scope of the journal includes: Cell biology, developmental biology, structural biology, microbiology, entomology, toxicology, molecular biology & genetics, biochemistry, biotechnology, biodiversity, ecology, marine biology, plant biology and bioinformatics.

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Editor-in-Chief

Hakan Ulukan

Dr. Hakan ULUKAN grew up in Turkey. He completed his Doctorate Thesis (Ph. D) under the advisory of Dr. A. Murat OZGEN, entitled “Relationships between Rust (Puccinia spp.) Resistance in some Wheat (Triticum spp.) species” between 1991 and 1998 years at University of Ankara, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Turkey. Now, he is working as Professor at the same department since 2012 with the branch of Cereals and Edible Pulses Growing and Breeding. He is serving as Editorial Board Member, Editor-In-Chief and also has many national and international referees in many journals. His research interest includes Cereal and Pulses Growing & Breeding, Plant Gene Resources, Plant Domestication, Classical Plant Breeding, Cultivation, Agronomic Practices/Processes, Agronomic Adaptation and Ecology. His prior work experience includes Associate Professor (2005-2012) and Research Assistant (1987-2005) at University of Ankara, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Turkey. He published 100 research articles as author/co-author in national and international peer reviewed journals. He actively participated in number of different activities and overseas assignments. He supervised 1 Master Thesis entitled: “The Effect of different Doses of Powder Acetyl Salicylic Acid (Asa) Treatment on Yield and Yield Components in Some Common Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) Cultivars”.

Regional Editors

Mohamed Abdul Rahman Elwakil

Professor, Mansoura University, Egypt

V.K. Rahmathulla

Research Scientist, Central Silk Board, India

Matiyar Rahaman Khan

Professor, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, India

Amit Kumar Verma

Associate Professor, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut, UP, India

Cheorl Ho Kim

Professor, Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea

Paula Alexandra Martins de Oliveira

Associate Professor, University of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Portugal

Chellaram Chinnachamy

Assistant Professor, Sur College of Applied Sciences, Ministry of Higher Education, Sultanate of Oman

Associate Editors

Mohammad Mahmoud Nabih Authman Mohammad

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Mehmet Ozaslan

Professor, Gaziantep University, Turkey

Mohd Rafiq Wani

Assistant Professor, Abdul Ahad Azad Memorial Degree College, India

Bamidele Adewale Salau

Professor, Redeemer`s University, Nigeria

Haytham Mahmoud Mohamad Daradka

Associate Professor, Jarash Private University, Jordan

Sabry Mohamed Bahy El-Bahr

Professor, Alexandria University, Egypt

Tony Hadibarata

Senior Lecturer, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Ertugrul Filiz

Assistant Professor, Duzce University, Turkey

Amit Pal

Assistant Professor, Bundelkhand University, India

Muhammad Irfan

Assistant Professor, University of Sargodha, Pakistan

Suleyman Korkut

Professor, Duzce University, Turkey

Abbas Farahani

Assistant Professor, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Yunus Dogan

Professor , Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey

Tarek Abdel-Mawgoud Abdel-Mottaleb Moussa

Professor, Cairo University, Egypt

Mahmoud Hozayn Mahmoud

Vice head, Agricultural & Biological Research Division,, National Research Centre, Egypt

Wahid Mohamed Ahmed

Professor, National Research Center, Egypt

Imam Abdel-Ghany Ahmed Mekkawy

Professor, Taif University, Saudi Arabia

Rajeev Pratap Singh

Assistant Professor, Banaras Hindu University, India

Prof. Dr. Md. Moklesur Rahman Sarker

Professor, State University of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Tanveer Beg

Assistant Professor, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia

Sanaa T. El-Sayed

Professor, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt

khalid khalid

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Technical Editors

Abdul Salam Ansari

Associate Professor, University of Rajasthan, India

Hamida Hamdi Mohammed Ismail

Assistant Professor, Cairo University, Egypt

Qurban Ali Panhwar

Senior Lecturer, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Irina Neta Gostin

Associate Professor, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania

Shadi Sarahroodi

Assistant Professor, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Manouchehr Safari

Professor, Semnan University of Medical Science, Iran

Sheikh Adil Hamid

Assistant Professor, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, India

Shanmugavadivelu Chandra Mohan

Director/ Research Scientist, Shanmuga Centre for Medicinal Plants Research, India

Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed El-Metwally

Professor, Agriculture Research Center, Egypt

Manojkumar Pardeshi

Research Scientist, Bhagavathi Ana Labs Pvt. Ltd., India

Essam Abdel Salam Shaalan

Professor, Aswan University, Egypt

Shamsul Bin Muhamad

Senior Lecturer, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia

Sivashanthini Kuganathan

Associate Professor, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka

Mustafa Koyun

Head Professor, Bingol University, Turkey

Derya Guroy

Researcher, Yalova University, Turkey

Ugur Cakilcioglu

Associate Professor, Munzur University, Turkey

Khaled Hussein Arafat

Lecturer, Assiut University, Egypt

Atef Mohamed Khedr Nassar

Associate Professor, Damanhour University, Egypt

Halla Mohamed Mohamed Ragab

Associate Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Saeed A. El-Ashram

Associate Professor, Foshan University, China

Ahmed Abduljabbar Jaloob Aljanaby

Assistant Professor, University of Kufa, Iraq

Amal Mohamed Eliwa Abdel-Hamid

Associate Professor, Ain Shams University, Egypt

Seyyid Irmak

Professor, Sirnak University, Turkey

Fatima-Zahra Azzaoui

Associate Professor , Ibn Tofail university, Morocco

Naveen Samuel Singh

Associate Professor, Lucknow Christian College, Lucknow University, India

Chinedu Imo

Lecturer, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria

Sadiq Umar

Research Scientist, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA

Ilknur Ak

Research Scientist, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey

Kathirvelu Baskar

Research Scientist, Ross Lifescience Pvt. Ltd, India

Wuyi Liu

Professor, Fuyang Normal College, China

Anu Prasanna Vankara

Assistant Professor, Yogi Vemana University, India

Muhammet Turkoglu

Professor, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey

Manoj Ramesh Kumbhare

Professor, S.M.B.T. College of Pharmacy, India

Azidah Abdul Aziz

Senior Lecturer, University of Malaya, Malaysia

Khalid Mohammed Naji

Research Scientist, University of Konstanz, Germany

Ekachai Chukeatirote

Assistant Professor, Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand

Mostafa Sayed Abd El-Latif Khattab

Associate Professor, National Research Center, Egypt

Keshav Kant Sahu

Professor, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, India

Hayet Lahmar Edziri

Assistant Professor, Higher institute of Biotechnology,Tunisia

Usman Sumo Friend Tambunan

Professor, University of Indonesia, Indonesia

Amany Mohamed Abd El-Fatah Haroon

Associate Professor, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Egypt

Mostafa Ibrahim-Ahmed Waly

Associate Professor, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman

Bahaa El-Din Ahmed Hemdan

Researcher, National Research Centre, Egypt

Abdel-Nasser Ahmed Hussein

Associate Professor, South Valley University, Egypt

Vijayakumar Rajendran

Research Associate, Indian Institute of Science, India

Turan Karadeniz

Head of Academic Department, Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey

Yasser Abdel Galil Ahmed

Assistant Professor, South Valley University, Egypt

Mohamad Nor Azra Bin Md Adib

Assistant Lecturer, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia

I. Gusti Nyoman Gde Bidura

Professor, Udayana University, Indonesia

Pranav Kumar Prabhakar

Associate Professor, Lovely Professional University, India

P. Sivakumar

Assistant Professor, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India

Saeed Mohammadi

Assistant Professor, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Saravanan Durai

Research Scientist, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, India

Md. Rakibul Hassan

Senior Scientist, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Bangladesh

Ojochenemi Ejeh Yakubu

Reader, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria

Gnanavel Venkatesan

Research Scientist, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, India

Veli Uygur

Associate Professor, Mustafa Kemal University, Turkey

Ernest Uzodimma Durugbo

Senior Lecturer, Redeemers University, Nigeria

Mustapha Gorai

Assistant Prof, University of Gabes, Tunisia

Arumugam Sudha

Teaching Assistant, Alagappa University, India

Ismail Shah

Assistant Professor , Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan

Dyah Iswantini

Professor, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Samir Ahmed Awad El-Gendy

Lecturer, Alexandria University, Egypt

Ranjan Singh

Assistant Professor, Choithram College of Professional Studies, Indore,India.

Hossam Hassan Hussein Abbas

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Hussein Mohammed Ahmed Hassan

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

ManiRam Prasad

Research Scientist, DDU Gorakhpur University, India

Mohammed Hussen Bule

Assistant Professor, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia

Sandeep Sachdeva

Research Scientist, Global Data Communications, London

El-Sayed Mohamed El-Sayed

Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Md. Mer Mosharraf Hossain

Associate Professor, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh

Hossam El-Deen Hussein Azzaz

Associate Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Mehdi Amirnia

Professor, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Damian Chukwu Odimegwu

Senior Lecturer, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Sherif A. Abdel Gawad

Assistant Professor, Prince Sattam Bin Abdul Aziz University, Saudi Arabia

Zulkarami Berahim

Senior Research Officer, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Mahmoud Hussien Abou Deif

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Gasem Mohammad Abu-Taweel

Assistant Professor, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Vikas Vasant Patil

Professor, KVPS Institute of Pharmaceutical Education, India

Hidayet Metin Erdogan

Professor, Kafkas University, Turkey