Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences

Volume 27 (1), 35-45, 2024

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Morphological Diversity and Genetic Parameter of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) Genotypes

Helvi Reswari, Muhamad Syukur, Arya Ritonga and Waras Nurcholis

Background and Objective: Considering that the potential for okra as an anti-diabetic is very high, while okra productivity in Indonesia is still low, a plant breeding program through variety development is needed. One of the initial activities that needs to be carried out is the characterization of various genotypes, both quantitative and qualitative characters. This research aimed to obtain information on the diversity of morpho-agronomic characters in okra genotypes. Materials and Methods: The experiment was conducted as a randomized block design, one factor is genotype with three replications. The materials used in this research were 20 okra genotypes. The experimental units used in this research were 60 units. Each experimental unit consists of 10 sample plants. Analysis of quantitative character variations used PKBT-STAT 3.1. Cluster analysis was carried out with PBSTAT-CL 2.1.2 with the Gower dissimilarity and average linkage clustering methods. Furthermore, analysis was carried out using SAS OnDemand for Academics to see the distinguishing characteristics between clusters. Results: There were differences in okra genotypes based on qualitative and quantitative characteristics. The most diverse quantitative character is the yield component, which is the fruit character. Variance in genetic and heritability showed broad and high criteria, respectively. Based on cluster analysis results, okra genotypes were grouped into 3 clusters with a cophenetic distance value of 0.40. Cluster 1 consists of 9 genotypes. Cluster 2 consists of 10 genotypes. Cluster 3 consists of 1 genotype the Red Hill Country genotype. The grouping in cluster analysis was carried out based on leaf width, number of fruits, fruit weight, fruit diameter and carpel thickness character. Conclusion: This diversity of okra germplasm can facilitate plant breeding activities in the future by selecting genotypes to serve as parents according to the objectives carried out.

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How to cite this article:

Helvi Reswari, Muhamad Syukur, Arya Ritonga and Waras Nurcholis, 2024. Morphological Diversity and Genetic Parameter of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) Genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 27: 35-45.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2024.35.45

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