Background and Objectives: The occurrence of multi-drug resistance (MDR) Escherichia coli is one responsible for raised mortality and morbidity and was reported as major health problem. Class 1 integrons has crucial role in distributing antibiotic resistance genes among bacteria. Present work was aimed to determine the prevalence of class 1 integrons and its association with antibiotic resistance in MDR E. coli isolated from patient’s body fluid and tissues from 6 health centers in Sana’a, Yemen. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study a total of 198 E. coli from patients diagnosed with infection that had been referred to 6 hospitals and medical diagnostic from July, 2017 to August, 2017 in Sana’a, Yemen. Susceptibility of E. coli isolates to 15 antibiotics using the disc diffusion method. Conventional polymerase chain reaction was used for detection of class 1 of integrons in 100 randomly selected MDR E. coli. Results: Overall 174 (87.9%) of 198 E. coli isolates were MDR. Class 1 integrons were detected in 67% of the randomly selected 100 of 198 MDR E. coli. A significant range (p<0.05-p<0.0001) was identified between presence of class 1 integrons and resistance to ceftriaxone, aztreonam, cefepime, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefotoxime, cefepime-clavulanic acid, ceftazidime-clavulanic acid, ciprofloxacin, ceftazidime, norfloxacin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, while no significant difference were identified between integron class 1 and resistance to gentamicin, amikacin, nitrofurantoin and imipenem. Conclusion: High MDR E. coli isolates were detected in this study, among them the prevalence of class 1 integrons is the most common. The significant association between class 1 integrons and resistance to common prescribed antibiotics in hospitals in Sana’a, Yemen.
Mukhtar A. Al-Hammadi, Hassan A. Al-Shamahy, Abdulaziz Q. Ali, Mahfoudh A.M. Abdulghani, Hassan Pyar and Ibrahim AL-Suboal, 2020. Class 1 Integrons in Clinical Multi Drug Resistance E. coli, Sana’a Hospitals, Yemen. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 23: 231-239.