Journal of Biological Sciences

Journal of Biological Sciences is a peer-reviewed and well indexed scientific journal dedicated to publish and disseminate the high quality scientific research work in the broad field of biological sciences. Scope of the journal includes: Cell biology, developmental biology, structural biology, microbiology, molecular biology & genetics, biochemistry, biotechnology, biodiversity, entomology, toxicology, ecology, freshwater biology, marine biology, environmental Biology, plant biology, Ethno-medicines and bioinformatics.

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Editor-in-Chief

Mehmet Ozaslan

Prof. Mehmet Ozaslan is working as a Professor/Dean in education faculty of Gaziantep University, Turkey. He has completed his Ph.D. in 1995 from University of Cukurova in virology. His main area of interest includes Cancer Genetics, Molecular Virology, Molecular Genetics, Microbiology, and Genetic mutations. He has published more than 120 research articles in National and International well reputed journals. He wrote a chapter “Social Life and Biodiversity Contribution of Organic Agriculture”.

Regional Editors

Abd El-Kader Mahmoud Kholif

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Majid Asadi-Samani

Lecture, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Cesar G. Demayo

Professor, Mindanao State University, Philippines

Jamshid khan Chamani

Professor, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Danial Kahrizi

Professor, Razi University, Iran

Gul Majid Khan

Chairman, Quaid-i-Azam University, Paksitan

Farrukh Hussain

Professor, Sarhad University Of Science & Information Technology, Pakistan

Michael Gabriel Paulraj

Research Scientist, Entomology Research Institute, India

Mohammad Hatta

Professor in Molcular Biology and Immunology , Hasanuddin University, Indonesia

Byeong Jae Lee

Professor, Seoul National University Hospital, South Korea

Jiban Shrestha

Scientist, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Plant Breeding and Genetics Research Centre (NPBGRC), Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal

Muhammad Akram

Associate Professor, Government College University Faisalabad, Pakistan

Rafat Ali Siddiqui

Professor, Virginia State University, USA

Chee Kong Yap

Associate Professor, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Associate Editors

Mohamed Abdel-Raheem Ali Abdel-Raheem

Professor , National Research Centre, Egypt

Amit Kumar Banerjee

Senior Researcher, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India

Scribante Andrea

Doctor, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Pavia, Italy

Juan Armendariz Borunda

Professor, University of Guadalajara, Mexico

Ashraf Mohamed Abdel Khalek Barakat

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

A. Vijaya Anand

Head of Department and Professor, Bharathiar University, India

Aziz Ullah

Assistant Professor, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

Bamidele Adewale Salau

Professor, Redeemer`s University, Nigeria

Donovan McGrowder

Lecturer, The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, UK

Manas Bajpai

Head, NIMS University, India

Khalid Mohammed Khan

Researcher, University of Karachi, Pakistan

Veerasamy Sejian

Research Scientist, The University of Queensland, Australia

Mahomoodally Mohamad Fawzi

Lecturer, University of Mauritius, Mauritius

Fook Yee Chye

Associate Professor, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia

Grasian Immanuel

Senior Lecturer, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, India

Ghulam Mohammad

Assistant Professor, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Tony Hadibarata

Senior Lecturer, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Abd El-Latif Hesham

Professor, Beni-Suef University, Egypt

Haytham Mahmoud Mohamad Daradka

Associate Professor, Jarash Private University, Jordan

Imam Abdel-Ghany Ahmed Mekkawy

Professor, Taif University, Saudi Arabia

Ivanka I. Dimova

Researcher, Medical University of Sofia, Bulgaria

Muhammad Jamil

Associate Professor, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

Nazia Jamil

Assistant Professor, University of the Punjab, Pakistan

Keivan Zandi

Assistant Professor, Emory University, Georgia

Lai Kok Song

Senior Lecturer, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

S. M. Lutful Kabir

Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

El Ghoch Marwan

Head, Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Mohammad Mahmoud Nabih Authman Mohammad

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Mohamed El-Desouky Mohamed Zain

Professor, Al-Azhar University, Egypt

Odikamnoro Oliver Onyemaeze

Senior Lecturer, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria

Othman El-Mahdy Sayed Othman

Professor, National Research Center, Egypt

Rajesh Ramasamy

Associate Professor, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Sanjay Singh

Associate Professor, Ahmedabad University, India

Masoomeh Shams-Ghahfarokhi

Research Scientist, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran

Sandeep Kumar Kar

Assistant Professor, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, India

Tanveer Beg

Assistant Professor, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia

Md. Tanvir Rahman

Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

Tarek Abdel-Mawgoud Abdel-Mottaleb Moussa

Professor, Cairo University, Egypt

Anthony Cemaluk Chinedum Egbuonu

Associate Professor, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Nigeria

Vinay Kumar

Associate Professor, Modern College, India

Widodo

Head of Department, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Technical Editors

Sheikh Adil Hamid

Assistant Professor, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, India

Mahmoud Hussien Abou Deif

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Mohammad Abass Ahanger

Research Scientist, Northwest A&F University, China

Ahmed Abduljabbar Jaloob Aljanaby

Professor, University of Kufa, Iraq

Akhilesh Kumar

Assistant Professor, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Deemed University, Agra

Pravej Alam

Assistant Professor, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

Amal Mohamed Eliwa Abdel-Hamid

Associate Professor of Plant Molecular Genetics, Ain Shams University, Egypt

Abdul Mujib

Associate Professor, Hamdard University, India

R. Pandiselvam

Research Scientist, ICAR-Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, India

Anitha Pedapati

Research Scientist, ICAR- Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research, India

Ankur Kashyap

Teaching Assistant, University of Lucknow, India

Mohammad Israil Ansari

Professor, University of Lucknow, India

Arun alagarsamy

Associate Professor, Alagappa University, India

Vimalanathan Arunprasanna

Research Scientist, Zhejiang Univeristy

Ashfaque Hossain

Professor and Chairperson, RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, United Arab Emirates

Chinedu Imo

Lecturer, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria

Deb Prasad Pandey

Adjunct Professor, The University of Newcastle, Australia

Dinesh Pandey

Assistant Professor, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, India

Thirumal Sivakumar

Associate Professor, Annamalai University, India

Dyah Iswantini

Professor, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

El-Sayed Abdel-Malek Elmadany El-Sheikh

Lecturer, Zagazig University, Egypt

Samir Ahmed Awad El-Gendy

Lecturer, Alexandria University, Egypt

Ernest Tom Ndomahina

Researcher, University of Sierra Leone, South Africa

Ernest Uzodimma Durugbo

Senior Lecturer, Redeemers University, Nigeria

Faten Abdul Rahman Fuad Khorshid

Professor, King Abdul-Aziz University, Saudi Arabia

Gangadhar Barlaya

Principal Scientist, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture Hesaraghatta Lake, India

Gasem Mohammad Abu-Taweel

Assistant Professor, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Ekambaram Ganapathy

Post-doctoral Fellow, University of California, USA

Hamida Hamdi Mohammed Ismail

Assistant Professor, Cairo University, Egypt

Hussein Kamel Abd El-Maksoud

Professor, Cario University, Egypt

Homeira Zardooz

Assistant Professor, Shahid Beheshti University, Iran

Jinming Huang

Professor, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Abdel-Nasser Ahmed Hussein

Associate Professor, South Valley University, Egypt

Hussein Mohammed Ahmed Hassan

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Itopa E. Ajayi

Lecturer/Researcher, University of Abuja, Nigeria

Ilknur Ak

Research Scientist, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey

Irina Neta Gostin

Associate Professor, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania

Fawzi Irshaid

Full Professor, Al al-Bayt University, Jordan

Syed Ishtiaq Anjum

Research Scientist, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

Md. Ariful Islam

Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

Kameswaran Ravichandran

Research Scientist, University of Colorado Boulder, USA

Khalid Mohammed Naji

Guest Scientist, University of Konstanz, Germany

Kok Lian Ho

Associate Professor, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Maria Leticia Miranda Fernandes Estevinho

Head of Academic Department/Faculty, Instituto Politecnico de Braganca, Portugal

Tao Lin

Research Scientist, South Dakota State University, USA

Asadi Shekaari Majid

Associate Professor, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Mas Jaffri Masarudin

Researcher, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Moustafa Mohammed Sabry Bakry

Research Scientist, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt

Abdul Jabbar Bin Abdul Fatah Memon

Assistant Director, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia

Md. Mer Mosharraf Hossain

Associate Professor, Jashore University of Science and Technology (JUST)

Sheikh Md. Mobarak Hossain

Professor, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

Mostafa Sayed Abd El-Latif Khattab

Associate Professor, National Research Center, Egypt

Mahmoud Saleh Abdel-Dayem

Professor, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Mohammad Shahnoor Hossain

Assistant Professor, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Muhammad Imran

Researcher, Quaid-i-Azam University, Pakistan

Naveen Samuel Singh

Associate Professor, Lucknow Christian College, Lucknow University, India

Muhammad Ali Nawaz

Assistant Professor, Quaid-i-Azam University, Pakistan

Anthony Ekata Ogbeibu

Professor, University of Benin, Nigeria

Blessing Julius Oribhabor

Senior Lecturer, University of Uyo, Nigeria

Thangavelu Saravanan

Post-doctoral Fellow, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India

Pawan Kumar Kare

Demonstrator, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, India

Mohammed Habibur Rahman

Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

Rajkumar S. Yadav

Research Associate, Gujarat Ecological Education and Research Foundation, India

Rajeev Mishra

Assistant Professor, Manipal University Jaipur Rajasthan, India

Kuppannan Gobianand

Assistant professor, Vivekanandha Educational Institutions for Women, India

Rajesh Mehrotra

Associate Professor, Institute of Technology and Science, India

Rohit Kumar

Principal Investigator, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, India

Rowaida Salah Saleh Ahmed

Professor, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Saeed Mohammadi

Assistant Professor, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Brahim Sabour

Senior Scientist, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco

Sabry Ali Abdallah EL-Naggar

Assistant Professor, Tanta University, Egypt

G.H.M. Sagor

Associate Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

Qurban Ali

Assistant Professor, University of Lahore, Pakistan

Samreen Riaz

Professor, University of the Punjab, Pakistan

Sarmishtha Chatterjee

Research Scientist, Visva-Bharati, A Central University, India

Essam Abdel Salam Shaalan

Professor, Aswan University, Egypt

Hamdy Abd Elsamad Hasan Elshabrawy

Research Scientist, Cairo University, Egypt

Su-Il Do

Professor, Ajou University, Korea

Sivashanthini Kuganathan

Associate Professor, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka

R.P. Soundararajan

Associate Professor, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India

Sandra Maria Tavares da Costa Rebelo

Assistant Professor, University of Aveiro, Portugal

Sriyani Mudalige Wickramasinghe

Dean, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka

Shirin Tarafder

Professor, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Bangladesh

Hashem M. Al-Sheikh

Professor, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia

Subhalakshmi Ghosh

Research Scientist, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India

Sushil Nagar

Assistant Scientist, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar

Talaat Abdel-Fattah Ahmed

Associate Professor, Qatar University, Qatar

Tawatchai Tanee

Lecturer, Mahasarakham University, Thailand

Tanko Dauda

Senior Lecturer, Federal University, Nigeria

Virat Singh Tomar

Wildlife Researcher and Biologist , Wildlife and Forest Conservation Trust of India

Wael Mohamed El-Sayed

Professor, Ain Shams University, Egypt

Wafaa Tawfik Abbas

Assistant professor, National Research Center, Egypt

Yadong Zheng

Associate Professor, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China