Journal of Biological Sciences

Journal of Biological Sciences is a peer-reviewed and well indexed scientific journal dedicated to publish and disseminate the high quality scientific research work in the broad field of biological sciences. Scope of the journal includes: Cell biology, developmental biology, structural biology, microbiology, molecular biology & genetics, biochemistry, biotechnology, biodiversity, entomology, toxicology, ecology, freshwater biology, marine biology, environmental Biology, plant biology, Ethno-medicines and bioinformatics.

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Editor-in-Chief

Mehmet Ozaslan

Prof. Mehmet Ozaslan is working as a Professor/Dean in education faculty of Gaziantep University, Turkey. He has completed his Ph.D. in 1995 from University of Cukurova in virology. His main area of interest includes Cancer Genetics, Molecular Virology, Molecular Genetics, Microbiology, and Genetic mutations. He has published more than 120 research articles in National and International well reputed journals. He wrote a chapter “Social Life and Biodiversity Contribution of Organic Agriculture”.

Regional Editors

Farrukh Hussain

Professor, Sarhad University Of Science & Information Technology, Pakistan

Byeong Jae Lee

Professor, Seoul National University Hospital, South Korea

Cesar G. Demayo

Professor, Mindanao State University, Philippines

Mohammad Hatta

Professor, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia

Majid Asadi-Samani

Lecture, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Chee Kong Yap

Associate Professor, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Danial Kahrizi

Professor, Razi University, Iran

Rafat Ali Siddiqui

Professor, Virginia State University, USA

Michael Gabriel Paulraj

Research Scientist, Entomology Research Institute, India

Gul Majid Khan

Chairman, Quaid-i-Azam University, Paksitan

Abd El-Kader Mahmoud Kholif

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Jiban Shrestha

Scientist, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Nepal

Jamshid khan Chamani

Professor, Islamic Azad University, Iran

Associate Editors

Fook Yee Chye

Associate Professor, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia

Veerasamy Sejian

Research Scientist, The University of Queensland, Australia

Othman El-Mahdy Sayed Othman

Professor, National Research Center, Egypt

Anthony Cemaluk Chinedum Egbuonu

Associate Professor, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Nigeria

Khalid Mohammed Khan

Researcher, University of Karachi, Pakistan

Mohamed Abdel-Raheem Ali Abdel-Raheem

Associated Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Mahomoodally Mohamad Fawzi

Lecturer, University of Mauritius, Mauritius

Md. Tanvir Rahman

Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

Bamidele Adewale Salau

Reader, Redeemer`s University, Nigeria

Mohamed El-Desouky Mohamed Zain

Professor, Al-Azhar University, Egypt

Lai Kok Song

Senior Lecturer, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Haytham Mahmoud Mohamad Daradka

Associate Professor, Jarash Private University, Jordan

Manas Bajpai

Head, NIMS University, India

Sanjay Singh

Associate Professor, Ahmedabad University, India

Odikamnoro Oliver Onyemaeze

Senior Lecturer, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria

Sandeep Kumar Kar

Assistant Professor, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, India

S. M. Lutful Kabir

Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

Ghulam Mohammad

Assistant Professor, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

Keivan Zandi

Assistant Professor, Emory University, Georgia

Nazia Jamil

Assistant Professor, University of the Punjab, Pakistan

El Ghoch Marwan

Head, Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Ivanka I. Dimova

Researcher, Medical University of Sofia, Bulgaria

Abd El-Latif Hesham

Professor, Beni-Suef University, Egypt

Juan Armendariz Borunda

Professor, University of Guadalajara, Mexico

Muhammad Jamil

Associate Professor, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

Scribante Andrea

Doctor, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Pavia, Italy

Tony Hadibarata

Senior Lecturer, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Masoomeh Shams-Ghahfarokhi

Research Scientist, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran

Rajesh Ramasamy

Associate Professor, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Aziz Ullah

Assistant Professor, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

Widodo

Head of Department, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

A. Vijaya Anand

Head of Department and Professor, Bharathiar University, India

Vinay Kumar

Associate Professor, Modern College, India

Tarek Abdel-Mawgoud Abdel-Mottaleb Moussa

Professor, Cairo University, Egypt

Amit Kumar Banerjee

Research Scientist, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India

Mohammad Mahmoud Nabih Authman Mohammad

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Imam Abdel-Ghany Ahmed Mekkawy

Professor, Taif University, Saudi Arabia

Grasian Immanuel

Senior Lecturer, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, India

Donovan McGrowder

Lecturer, The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, UK

Tanveer Beg

Assistant Professor, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia

Technical Editors

Irina Neta Gostin

Associate Professor, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania

Kuppannan Gobianand

Assistant professor, Vivekanandha Educational Institutions for Women, India

G.H.M. Sagor

Associate Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

Sheikh Adil Hamid

Assistant Professor, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, India

Abdul Mujib

Associate Professor, Hamdard University, India

Abdul Jabbar Bin Abdul Fatah Memon

Assistant Director, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia

Essam Abdel Salam Shaalan

Professor, Aswan University, Egypt

Md. Ariful Islam

Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

Ahmed Abduljabbar Jaloob Aljanaby

Assistant Professor, University of Kufa, Iraq

Blessing Julius Oribhabor

Senior Lecturer, University of Uyo, Nigeria

Thangavelu Saravanan

Post-doctoral Fellow, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India

Sabry Ali Abdallah EL-Naggar

Assistant Professor, Tanta University, Egypt

Ashfaque Hossain

Professor and Chairperson, RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, United Arab Emirates

Pravej Alam

Assistant Professor, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

Akhilesh Kumar

Research Scientist, National Botanical Research Institute, India

Rajesh Mehrotra

Associate Professor, Institute of Technology and Science, India

Shirin Tarafder

Professor, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Bangladesh

Chinedu Imo

Lecturer, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria

Wael Mohamed El-Sayed

Professor, Ain Shams University, Egypt

Sandra Maria Tavares da Costa Rebelo

Assistant Professor, University of Aveiro, Portugal

Jinming Huang

Professor, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Faten Abdul Rahman Fuad Khorshid

Professor, King Abdul-Aziz University, Saudi Arabia

Ernest Tom Ndomahina

Researcher, University of Sierra Leone, South Africa

Qurban Ali

Assistant Professor, University of Lahore, Pakistan

Su-Il Do

Professor, Ajou University, Korea

Rowaida Salah Saleh Ahmed

Professor, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Asadi Shekaari Majid

Associate Professor, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Kameswaran Ravichandran

Research Scientist, University of Colorado Boulder, USA

Rajkumar S. Yadav

Research Associate, Gujarat Ecological Education and Research Foundation, India

Mohammed Habibur Rahman

Professor, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh

Mostafa Sayed Abd El-Latif Khattab

Associate Professor, National Research Center, Egypt

Moustafa Mohammed Sabry Bakry

Research Scientist, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt

Ilknur Ak

Research Scientist, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey

Thirumal Sivakumar

Assistant Professor, Annamalai University, India

Naveen Samuel Singh

Associate Professor, Agra University, India

Arun alagarsamy

Associate Professor, Alagappa University, India

Muhammad Imran

Researcher, Quaid-i-Azam University, Pakistan

Muhammad Ali Nawaz

Assistant Professor, Quaid-i-Azam University, Pakistan

Sheikh Md. Mobarak Hossain

Professor, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

Hashem M. Al-Sheikh

Professor, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia

Kok Lian Ho

Associate Professor, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Wafaa Tawfik Abbas

Assistant professor, National Research Center, Egypt

Sushil Nagar

Assistant Professor, Kurukshetra University, India

Sivashanthini Kuganathan

Associate Professor, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka

Hussein Kamel Abd El-Maksoud

Professor, Cario University, Egypt

R.P. Soundararajan

Assistant Professor, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India

Dinesh Pandey

Assistant Professor, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, India

Ekambaram Ganapathy

Post-doctoral Fellow, University of California, USA

Syed Ishtiaq Anjum

Research Scientist, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Pakistan

Hamdy Abd Elsamad Hasan Elshabrawy

Research Scientist, Cairo University, Egypt

Fawzi Irshaid

Associate Professor, Al al-Bayt University, Jordan

Mohammad Abass Ahanger

Research Scientist, Northwest A&F University, China

Khalid Mohammed Naji

Research Scientist, University of Konstanz, Germany

Pawan Kumar Kare

Demonstrator, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, India

Gangadhar Barlaya

Senior Scientist, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture Hesaraghatta Lake, India

Samreen Riaz

Professor, University of the Punjab, Pakistan

Amal Mohamed Eliwa Abdel-Hamid

Associate Professor, Ain Shams University, Egypt

Tawatchai Tanee

Lecturer, Mahasarakham University, Thailand

Yadong Zheng

Associate Professor, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China

Anitha Pedapati

Research Scientist, ICAR- Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research, India

Tanko Dauda

Senior Lecturer, Federal University, Nigeria

Mahmoud Saleh Abdel-Dayem

Professor, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abdel-Nasser Ahmed Hussein

Associate Professor, South Valley University, Egypt

Vimalanathan Arunprasanna

Research Scientist, Bharathidasan University, India

Mohammad Shahnoor Hossain

Assistant Professor, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Homeira Zardooz

Assistant Professor, Shahid Beheshti University, Iran

Tao Lin

Research Scientist, South Dakota State University, USA

Anthony Ekata Ogbeibu

Professor, University of Benin, Nigeria

Ankur Kashyap

Teaching Assistant, University of Lucknow, India

Hamida Hamdi Mohammed Ismail

Assistant Professor, Cairo University, Egypt

Rajeev Mishra

Assistant Professor, Manipal University Jaipur Rajasthan, India

Saeed Mohammadi

Assistant Professor, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

El-Sayed Abdel-Malek Elmadany El-Sheikh

Lecturer, Zagazig University, Egypt

Mas Jaffri Masarudin

Researcher, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Itopa E. Ajayi

Lecturer/Researcher, University of Abuja, Nigeria

Ernest Uzodimma Durugbo

Senior Lecturer, Redeemers University, Nigeria

Sriyani Mudalige Wickramasinghe

Dean, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka

Maria Leticia Miranda Fernandes Estevinho

Head of Academic Department/Faculty, Instituto Politecnico de Braganca, Portugal

Dyah Iswantini

Professor, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Subhalakshmi Ghosh

Research Scientist, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India

Samir Ahmed Awad El-Gendy

Lecturer, Alexandria University, Egypt

Sarmishtha Chatterjee

Research Scientist, Visva-Bharati, A Central University, India

Talaat Abdel-Fattah Ahmed

Associate Professor, Qatar University, Qatar

Hussein Mohammed Ahmed Hassan

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

R. Pandiselvam

Research Scientist, ICAR-Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, India

Virat Singh Tomar

Research Scientist, Wildlife Trust of India, India

Mohammad Israil Ansari

Professor, University of Lucknow, India

Rohit Kumar

Principal Investigator, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, India

Md. Mer Mosharraf Hossain

Associate Professor, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh

Deb Prasad Pandey

Adjunct Professor, The University of Newcastle, Australia

Brahim Sabour

Senior Scientist, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco

Mahmoud Hussien Abou Deif

Professor, National Research Centre, Egypt

Gasem Mohammad Abu-Taweel

Assistant Professor, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia