Background and Objective: As use of modern technology devices has increased, social concerns about the possible harmful effects of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) that emitted by these devices on human health have increased. The research designed to study the effect of EMFs in X-band frequency on the heart histopathological and haematological effects in female mice. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 female albino mice were assigned for this study and divided into 3 groups: Group 1 (control group), group 2 (2 weeks old) and group 3 (8 weeks old) were both exposed to a signal of 9.0 GHz frequency and 40 mW power for 4 h/day for 2 months. Results: The findings showed histological and haematological changes in both exposed groups compared with control. These alterations included a distortion in the architecture of cardiac muscular with wider interfibrous spaces, foci of haemorrhage with extravasation of red blood cells, congested and dilated blood vessels and a mild degree of degeneration. The haematological analysis showed a reduction of in granulocytes, red blood cell, haemoglobin, the mean platelets volume and plateletcrit. Conclusion: The exposure to EMFs caused histological and haematological alterations in female mice. Some of these alterations were more prominent in 2 weeks old group compared with eight weeks old group.
Rawaa S. Al-Mayyahi, Wa`il A. Godaymi Al-Tumah and Muslim A. Mohammed, 2020. Histological and Haematological Alterations in Female Mice after Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 23: 398-405.