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Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition
eISSN: 2077-2033
pISSN: 1992-1470

Editor-in-Chief:  Mahomoodally Mohamad Fawzi
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Research Article
Consumption of Dates among Saudi Adults and its Association with the Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes
M.Q. Al-Mssallem
Background and Objective: Saudi habitual eating patterns have altered recently. However, some common traditional practices remain, such as consumption of dates. Palm date is an important fruit in Saudi culture and its consumption among Saudi populations reached the highest in the world. This study was conducted to assess the amount and frequency of consumption of date among diabetic and non-diabetic participants. Materials and Methods: Saudi males (1044) and females (n = 1133) participated (total = 2177) in this study. Information on socioeconomic factors, anthropometric measurement, frequency of date consumption and incidence of type 2 diabetes was collected. Results: The results had revealed that the consumption of dates reached to 100 g days1 and it could secure about 10th and 4th of the daily requirement of energy and non-starch polysaccharides, respectively. Moreover, the consumption of dates by diabetic individuals was higher than non-diabetic ones. Although, there was a small to moderate relationship between the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in both age and BMI (p<0.001), this association had not been observed with the consumption of dates (p>0.05). Conclusion: The study concluded that the consumption of dates had no association with the prevalence of type 2 diabetes. Further clinical trials are recommended to confirm the beneficial health effects of dates intake on blood profiles in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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